Journal of Rheumatic Diseases

Table. 1.

Baseline characteristics of total participants (n=172,970)

Variable Total
(n=172,970)
Men
(n=58,981)
Women
(n=113,989)
p-value
Age (yr) 53.1±8.4 54.0±8.8 52.6±8.1 <0.001
Drinking status
Never 87,166 (50.8) 11,870 (20.3) 75,296 (66.7) <0.001
Former 6869 (4.0) 4,387 (7.5) 2,482 (2.2)
Current 77,509 (45.2) 42,346 (72.3) 35,163 (31.1)
Smoking status
Never 125,022 (72.9) 16,380 (28.0) 108,642 (96.3) <0.001
Former 25,084 (14.6) 23,594 (40.3) 1,490 (1.3)
Current 21,277 (12.4) 18,608 (31.8) 2,669 (2.4)
Exercise 90,173 (52.5) 33,080 (56.5) 57,093 (50.5) <0.001
Medical history
Hypertension 33,384 (19.4) 13,193 (22.5) 20,191 (17.8) <0.001
Diabetes 11,479 (6.7) 5,464 (9.3) 6,015 (5.3) <0.001
Cardiovascular disease 4,298 (2.5) 2,108 (3.6) 2,190 (1.9) <0.001
Cerebrovascular disease 2,102 (1.2) 11,479 (6.7) 1,053 (0.9) <0.001
Malignancy 5,256 (3.1) 1,305 (2.2) 3,951 (3.5) <0.001
Chronic kidney disease 3,766 (2.2) 1,538 (2.6) 2,228 (2.0) <0.001
Physical findings
Systolic BP (mmHg) 122.7±15.5 125.9±14.7 121.1±15.6 <0.001
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 76.2±10.0 78.7±9.9 74.9±9.9 <0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.9±2.9 24.4±2.7 23.7±3.0 <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 81.1±8.7 85.8±7.5 78.6±8.2 <0.001
Laboratory results
Fasting serum glucose (mg/dL) 95.2±21.6 99.2±24.5 93.1±19.6 <0.001
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 197.5±35.6 193.3±34.9 199.6±35.8 <0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 54.0±12.9 49.7±12.0 56.3±12.9 <0.001
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 126.8±89.7 151.1±108.7 114.2±74.9 <0.001
BUN (mg/dL) 14.3±4.0 15.1±4.1 13.9±3.9 <0.001
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.8±0.2 1.0±0.2 0.7±0.2 <0.001
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 89.5±16.5 87.9±15.6 90.3±16.8 <0.001
Total bilirubin (mg/dL) 0.7±0.3 0.8±0.3 0.7±0.3 <0.001
r-GT (IU/L) 31.2±45.2 48.4±66.6 22.2±23.9 <0.001
AST (IU/L) 23.9±18.0 26.1±16.1 22.8±18.8 <0.001
ALT (IU/L) 22.5±21.8 27.2±21.4 20.0±21.7 <0.001
Proteinuria 4,202 (2.6) 1,717 (3.1) 2,485 (2.4) <0.001
Glycosuria 1,826 (1.1) 1,083 (2.0) 743 (0.7) <0.001
Uric acid levels (mg/dL)
≤2.0 720 (0.4) 65 (0.1) 655 (0.6) <0.001
2.1∼3.0 10,874 (0.4) 758 (1.3) 10,116 (8.9)
3.1∼4.0 46,049 (26.6) 4,125 (7.0) 41,924 (36.8)
4.1∼5.0 55,115 (31.9) 12,970 (22.0) 42,145 (37.0)
5.1∼6.0 34,545 (20.0) 19,532 (33.1) 15,013 (13.2)
6.1∼7.0 16,877 (9.8) 13,672 (23.2) 3,205 (2.8)
>7.0 8,790 (5.1) 7,859 (13.3) 931 (0.8)

Values are presented as mean±standard deviation, number (%). Patients with missing values were not included. BP: blood pressure, BUN: blood urea nitrogen, HDL: high density lipoprotein, eGFR: estimated glomerular filtration rate, r-GT: gamma-glutamyl transferase, AST: aspartate transaminase, ALT: alanine transaminase.

J Rheum Dis 2021;28:225~233 https://doi.org/10.4078/jrd.2021.28.4.225
© J Rheum Dis