Journal of Rheumatic Diseases

Table. 5.

Comparison of the recommendations for pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments

EULAR [11] Canadian [21] Italian [22] German [19]
Pharmacological management
Pregabalin Weak for Strong for Strong for -
Duloxetine or milnacipran Weak for Strong for Strong for Weak for
Amitriptyline Weak for Strong for - Weak for
Cyclobenzaprine Weak for - Strong for Weak against
Tramadol Weak for Strong against - -
Non-pharmacological management
Exercise Strong for Strong for Strong for Strong for
Cognitive behavioral therapy Weak for Strong for Strong for Strong for
Physical therapies: acupuncture or hydrotherapy Weak for - Strong for acupuncture only -
Meditative movement therapies: qigong, yoga or tai chi Weak for - Strong for Strong for
Multicomponent therapies Weak for Strong for - Strong for

EULAR: European League Against Rheumatism.

J Rheum Dis 2022;29:4~13 https://doi.org/10.4078/jrd.2022.29.1.4
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